小议with复合结构

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内容摘要:With是英语中常见的介词,它的后面可以接宾语的复合结构,即“With+宾语+宾语补足语(宾补)”结构。在这一复合结构中宾补是关键,可以由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词的现在分词、动词的过去分词和不定式等来充当。这样的复合结构在句中通常充当状语和定语两种成分。下面让我们来

GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文:[1].小议with复合结构.[J]或者报纸[N].英语自学,(08)

正文内容

  With是英语中常见的介词,它的后面可以接宾语的复合结构,即“With+宾语+宾语补足语(宾补)”结构。在这一复合结构中宾补是关键,可以由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词的现在分词、动词的过去分词和不定式等来充当。这样的复合结构在句中通常充当状语和定语两种成分。下面让我们来看一看with复合结构的具体构成和用法。

  1.with复合结构的构成:

  1)with+宾语+形容词

  He often sleeps with the door open.(他经常开着门睡觉。)

  He cannot go on a holiday with his mother ill.(他的妈妈病了,他不能去度假。)

  2)with+宾语+副词

  Anderson was lying on the bed with all his clothes on.(安德森穿着衣服躺在床上。)

  With John away,we've got more room.(约翰走了,我们有了更多的空间。)

  The square looks grander with all the lights on.(所有的灯都开着,广场看起来更宏伟了。)

  3)with+宾语+介词短语

  He was asleep with his head on his arms.(他头枕着胳膊睡着了。)

  His wife came down the stairs,with her year-old son in her arms.

  (他的妻子下楼来了,怀里抱着一岁大的儿子。)

  They stood with their arms round each other,quivering.(他们拥抱着站在那儿,浑身发抖。)

  4)with+宾语+动词的现在分词

  The day was bright,with a fresh breeze blowing.(天气很晴朗,吹着一股清新的微风。)

  Mike soon fell asleep with the fire still burning.(迈克很快就睡着了,炉火还烧着。)

  Meanwhile,with the price of gold going up,South Africa's economy was good.

  (与此同时,由于黄金价格的上涨,南非的经济状况很好。)

  5)with+宾语+动词的过去分词

  All the afternoon he worked with the door locked.(整个下午,他都锁着门在工作。)

  He sat with his arms clasped round his knees.(他坐着,双臂紧紧抱着膝盖。)

  She sat with her head bent.(她低着头坐着。)

  6)with+宾语+不定式

  So in the afternoon,with nothing to do,I went the rounds of the shops.

  (下午无事可做,我便去逛商店了。)

  With five minutes to go before the last train,we arrived at the station.

  (离最后一班列车开走还有五分钟,我们到了火车站。)

  I cannot go out with all these dishes to wash.(有这么多盘子要洗,我不能出去。)

  2.with复合结构充当句子成分

  1)充当状语

  ①时间状语

  With the sun still high,we arrived at the small village.(太阳还高高的,我们就到了这个小村庄。)

  With this film still on,the fire broke out in the cinema.

  (这部电影还在放演的时候,电影院就着火了。)

  With the night falling,we stopped work.(天色渐晚,我们停止了工作。)

  She left,with her duty unfulfilled.(她工作没完成就离开了。)

  ②原因状语

  She felt uneasy with the man staring at her.(那个男人盯着她,让她感到很不舒服。)

  With the weather so hot,they went in to have a rest.(天气太热了,他们进去休息了一下。)

  With so many people behind us,we are sure to win.(有这么多人支持我们,我们肯定会赢。)

  I couldn't go out with so many things to do.(有这么多事情要做,我没法出去。)

  ③伴随状语

  The village is surrounded by green trees,with a clear stream running alongside.

  (村子周围绿树环抱,一股清澈的溪流从旁边流过。)

  We sat on the dry grass with our backs to the wall.(我们背靠着墙坐在干草上。)

  1978 ended with nothing settled.(1978年过去了,什么也没解决。)

  ④方式状语

  He often does his homework with the radio on.(他总是开着收音机做作业。)

  He threatened the dog with his hand raised.(他举起手吓唬那条狗。)

  2)充当定语

  The woman with a baby in her arms is Tom's wife.(抱着小孩的那个女人是汤姆的妻子。)

  That man with nothing to do in the office is theboss'son.

  (在办公室里无所事事的那个人是老板的儿子。)

  The room with the light on is my sister's.(亮着灯的那个房间是我妹妹的。)

  The classroom with the door open is ours.(门开着的那间教室是我们的。)

  He showed me to a room with a big fire burning.(他领着我到了一个炉火烧得正旺的房间。)

  试做以下3道选择题,看看是否已掌握了with复合结构的用法:

  1.With mother_____,father's seldom the dominant figure that he still was at the beginning of the century.

  A.earned B.earning C.to earn D.worked

  2.With all the things she needed______,She would leave the market.

  A.buy B.to have bought C.buying D.bought

  3.With heavy drops of rain______on us,we hurried up the beach to our car.

  A.fall B.fell C.falling D.fallen

  答案:1.B;2.D;3.C

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