of的理解与使用

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内容摘要:of是一个出现率很高的介词,它的用法和意义复杂多样,现分述如下:  一、表示领属或所有关系。常可译为“……的”。如:  The window of the room is very large.这个屋子的窗子很大。  It was the morning of the twentieth of July,1900.那是1900年7月20日的早晨。  Th

GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文:[1].of的理解与使用.[J]或者报纸[N].英语知识,(7):39-40

正文内容

  of是一个出现率很高的介词,它的用法和意义复杂多样,现分述如下:

  一、表示领属或所有关系。常可译为“……的”。如:

  The window of the room is very large.这个屋子的窗子很大。

  It was the morning of the twentieth of July,1900.那是1900年7月20日的早晨。

  The death of Chou Enlai,though not unexpected, came as a sad shock to the whole world.周恩来的逝世虽然在意料之中,但还是震惊了全世界。

  I graduated from No.7 Middle School of Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan Province,1998.我1998年毕业于四川省省会成都七中。

  二、表示人或物的特征

  1.引起短语作表语。如:

  Evidently,translation is something of importance.显然,翻译是重要的。

  The director,a wise man,is of the same opinion.这位聪明的领导也持相同的观点。

  It was of no more use to him.这对他来说已经毫无用处。

  2.引起短语作定语。如:

  May was the season of flowers and trees with butterflies and bees flitting here and there.5月是一个花红柳绿、蜂飞蝶舞的浓情季节。

  She was a girl of thoughts,of theory,with a strong sense of social responsibility.她是一个有思想,有理论,有社会责任感的女孩。

  She looked to be a young woman of twenty.她看起来是一位20岁的年轻女子。

  She is a man of few words.他是一个沉默寡言的人。

  Mr.Zhang is a man of learning.张先生是一位有学问的人。

  三、和某些动词连用,表示“关于”。如:

  She began to talk of Paris.她开始说到巴黎。

  What you say of Sophia is perfectly true.你对索菲娅的评价是完全正确的。

  She complained of his vulgarity.她抱怨他的庸俗。

  四、和某些形容词连用,表示“对于……”“因为……”等意思。如:

  She is fond of children.她喜欢小孩。

  We are proud of you.我们为你感到骄傲。

  I'm sick of doing such things.我厌恶这样的事情。

  I believe him to be innocent of theft.我相信他没犯盗窃罪。

  五、和名词、代词或数词连用,表示数量或种类。如:

  I am going to get a packet of cigarettes.我要一盒香烟。

  She gave her a slip of paper.她给了她一张纸。

  Life is like a field of newly fallen snow; where I choose to walk every step will show.人生犹如初雪之野,我择路而行之处,步步清晰可见。

  六、和名词连用,起同位语作用。如:

  the city of Beijing北京城

  the city of Moscow莫斯科城

  七、用在某些结构中,表示“从……”“向……”,意思接近“from...”。如:

  He came of a poor peasant family.他出生于贫穷的农民家庭。

  And it is something we must demand of ourselves.这是我们要求自己具备的东西。

  Everybody expected great things of him.大家都期待他能有大的贡献。

  These desks and chairs are made of wood.这些是木制的桌椅。

  八、和某些动词连用,表示“使失掉”“摆脱掉”这类意思。如:

  Get rid of your bad habits.改掉你的坏习惯。

  He cleared the pavement of snow.他清除了人行道上的积雪。

  The doctor cured him of serious disease.医生治好了他的严重疾病。

  The people deprived the king of his power.人民剥夺了国王的权力。

  He was robbed of his money.他的钱被抢了。

  It was a habit that he could not break himself of.他无法改掉这个习惯。

  九、和表示动作的名词、动名词或某些形容词连用,表示动宾关系。如:

  It was a sheer waste of time.这简直就是浪费时间。

  The mastery of a foreign language is no easy job.掌握一门外语不是一件简单的事情。

  The writing of the letter took me two hours.我花了两小时写这封信。

  He is deserving of praise.他值得表扬。

  Both newspapers were critical of these measures.两家报纸都批评了这些做法。

  十、表示“作者、行为者”等。如:

  the works of Lu Xun(Ln Xun's works)鲁迅的作品

  She is beloved of all.她受人爱戴。

  It is clever of you to do so.你这样做是聪明的。

  It is kind of you to help me.你能帮助我,真好。 You need not be ashamed of your poverty.你不必为贫穷而羞愧。

  十一、用于与某些动词搭配。如:

  He doesn't know how to dispose of his time.他不知该如何打发时间。

  Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.水由氢和氧构成。

  He was accused of being guilty of murder.他被控告犯谋杀罪。

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